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Private schools free to fix their own fees, says Sibal

Budget Private Schools, Right to Education, School Fee, Teacher salary, Unrecognized Schools

In what comes as a blow to the efforts of city parents’ associations which have been campaigning for reining in school fees, Union HRD minister Kapil Sibal said on Friday that the fees of private schools cannot be regulated and that each school had the right to fix the salaries of its teachers.

Sibal’s claims contradict provisions in the Delhi School Education Act, 1973, which stipulate that remuneration of teachers in private schools cannot be less than their counterparts in government schools. The minister said this contradiction will go away once the Right to Education Act is implemented from April 1 this year implying that the central Act will override the state law.

`There is no such provision in RTE,” Sibal said about the salaries of teachers while addressing principals at the 37th annual meet of National Progressive Schools’ Conference — a group of nearly 110 private unaided schools in the city.

“The salaries of teachers in private schools do not have to be according to the government. They will decide to pay what they want to pay,” he declared, while countering a speaker at the meet who had earlier said that small schools, which are now mushrooming in the city, did not have quality teachers because they could not afford to pay good salaries.

While all schools were not required to pay Rs 22,000 (the minimum basic salary as per the Sixth Pay Commission) to their teachers, there should be no compromise on the qualification of teachers, he added.

The minister’s new announcement indicates that private schools in the city may finally get a free hand in deciding teachers’ salaries and consequently the fees, much to the dismay of parents. There have been many protests against schools hiking their fees last year. After the Sixth Pay Commission was implemented in the second half of 2008, schools sought to hike their fee to generate revenue to pay the teachers more. Delhi government then formed the Bansal Committee to decide how much fee a school could be allowed to increase and issued a notification in this regard on February 11 last year.

According to section 9 of chapter IV of the Delhi School Education Act 1973, private schools need to pay salaries at a par with government schools. “The scales of pay and allowances, medical facilities, pension, gratuity, provident fund and other prescribed benefits of the employees of a recognized private school shall not be less than those of the employees of the corresponding status in schools run by the appropriate authority.”

However, according to Sibal, this act will be rendered ineffective from April 1. “Once the Right to Education (RTE) is implemented, the Delhi School Education Act will not apply.” RTE Act has already been notified.

On regulation of fees, Sibal referred to the T M Pai case saying, “The Supreme Court has also said that fees of private schools cannot be regulated and yet some state governments have passed such acts,” he told the teachers present.

The minister said he has also moved a malpractices bill under which all schools will have to give details of their infrastructure, number of students, salaries of teachers etc on their website. If the online information is found to be false, the school can be prosecuted.

As per the provisions of RTE, all unaided private schools operating in a city should be recognized. Sibal said that the bill did not aim at shutting down unrecognized schools. “Our purpose is to enhance infrastructure and quality of private unaided schools,” he said.

Neha Pushkarna,  The Times of India, Feb 20, 2010

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Sibal for easing norms to let small schools stay

Budget Private Schools, Right to Education, School Fee, Teacher salary, Unrecognized Schools

HRD minister Kapil Sibal has said that he was against profiteering by schools in the form of overcharging of fees or demanding capitation charges and made it clear that he was also keen to ensure that small schools do not face problems over recognition.

Briefing journalists on Saturday, Sibal said once the Right to Education Act comes into force from April 1, many small schools will have to get recognized by state governments within three years. Recognition will mean that they have to give state government salary to the teachers.

“If they give government salary many of these schools which impart quality education will close down. What will happen to poor children?” he asked. He said HRD ministry is likely to hold consultations with state governments to evolve a policy on how to give relaxation to marginalized schools to deal with conditions for registration.

Sibal said he would meet Delhi chief minister Shiela Dikshit on Monday to request her for reviewing the Delhi School Education Act, 1973, so that unrecognized schools do not have to raise salary as per government scale after getting recognition. The RTE Act is silent on fee and says that salary should be as per state government norms. As is the provision, in case a central law is silent on an issue, the state law prevails. In case there is a conflict between the central and state law, the central law prevails. Therefore, fee and salary are to be decided by state governments.

Arguing that even marginal schools will provide 25% reservation to poor children as prescribed by the RTE Act, Sibal said, “If they close down on account of teacher salary it will go against disadvantaged section. Why marginalize the marginal schools?”

Sibal also said 25% reservation might not be possible this year as admission in many states is already underway.

Apart from salary of teachers, Sibal said there are other issues on which HRD ministry will hold consultation with states. Even the requirement of playground, he said, is not easy to fulfill in urban areas.

The Times of India, 21 Feb 2010

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